Seed breeding: HR Strzelce
A fodder variety with a traditional straw length
Yield very high
High resistance to fungal diseases
Very high soil acidification tolerance, useful for poor soils
Good lodging resistance
Very good frost resistance
1000 seeds weight high
Very high fouling resistance
Major varietal traits (according to COBORU on average for 2018-2020)
Lodging (1-9) MTZ Yield dt per ha. Frost resistance Reaction to acidification
A1 level A2 level
Avokado 119 6.9 48.2 73 83 5.5 5
Belcanto 108 7.2 45.6 75 84 5.5 5
Boletus 124 7.3 50.5 80 94 5 5
Music lover 106 7.2 44.3 85 97 5.5 5
Octavio 103 6.9 41.2 74 85 6 5
Orinoco 105 7.6 53.4 84 96 6 5
Pantheon 114 6.6 41.9 7.73 9.1 6 5
Probus 95 8.7 44.9 76 94 6 5
Rotondo 96 7 45 76 94 5.5 5
Secret 106 7.9 41.9 82 94 5.5 5
Trapero 112 6.9 42.1 81 95 6 5
Scale: 1 - the lowest, 9 - the highest; a1 - traditional cultivation level, a2 - intensive cultivation level
GENERAL CULTIVATION RECOMMENDATIONS
SOIL REQUIREMENTS AND PRE-CROP
The soil requirements of triticale are lower than that of wheat, and therefore it can be successfully grown on good soils as well as on weaker soils included in the rye complex. Triticale is useful especially on poorer soils where the cultivation of wheat or barley is unreliable. The best forecrops are legumes, root crops, rape, oats and maize for silage. Tolerates with good effect against grain crops.
The method of preparing the position depends on the compactness of the soil, the forecrop, soil moisture and the machines at the farm's disposal. After pre-crops leaving the field early, a full set of post-harvest crops should be made. After the pre-crops leaving the field late, disking and sowing can be done. The choice of the method of soil cultivation should ensure timely sowing and even seed emergence.
The optimal sowing date, which depends on the climatic and soil conditions and the course of the weather in a given year, has a great influence on the level of yielding. On more fertile soils it may be a little later, while on poorer soils it should be earlier. Depending on the region, it falls between September 5 and October 5. A delay in sowing has a negative effect on the quality and amount of the crop. The selection of the right amount of sowing depends on the varietal requirements, the soil complex and the sowing date. Recommended sowing is 300-500 seeds per m2 depending on sowing conditions. In the case of delayed sowing, it is recommended to increase the sowing rate by 10%. The sowing rate (kg / ha) differs to a large extent from the mass of one thousand seeds (MTN), therefore it should be calculated each time according to the following formula:
mass of a thousand grains [g] x sowing rate [pcs./m2]/ germination capacity [%]
Sowing depth: 3-4 cm with a spacing of 10-15 cm. Too deep sowing causes excessive elongation of the root internode and delay in the development of seedlings from a few to several days.
The optimal soil pH for triticale is 5.5-6.5 pH. Soils with a lower pH should be limed. The amount of mineral fertilization depends on the fertility of the soil, the site and the expected yield, therefore a systematic study of soil fertility should be carried out. Phosphorus and potassium fertilizers should be applied entirely before sowing. Depending on the soil fertility, they should be 60-90 kg / ha P 205 and 80-120 kg / ha K20. Nitrogen fertilization is used depending on the quality of the soil, the forecrop and the expected harvest, and amounts to 60-120 kg of pure nutrient per 1 ha. Nitrogen is best used in two doses: half of the dose when the vegetation starts and the second dose when shooting at the stalk. During the growing season, apply foliar fertilization as needed.
Control of weeds, diseases and pests in accordance with the recommendations of the Institute of Plant Protection and the instructions (label) on the packaging.
In the case of intensive nitrogen fertilization, use growth regulators.