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Multigerm, heterosis, polyploid variety. Oval white root, shallow root furrow (small soil contamination). Resistant to rush, tolerant to diseases: cercospora, hepatitis virus. It is characterized by very high health of roots and leaves, it stores very well until late spring at a temperature of 0.5 to 4.00 C (small losses of up to 2%). Drought-resistant, useful on poorer soils. Depth in the soil (60%) enables mechanical harvesting after prior topping of leaves.
1 kg of beetroot contains easily digestible sucrose, 0.10 to 0.15 oat unit, 6-8 grams of digestible protein.
- Root yield 1000 – 1100 q per ha
- % of dry matter 12.5 - 14.0%
- Dry matter yield 140 – 160 q per ha
- Leaf yield 330 – 380 q per ha
- C1 qualified
Climatic and soil requirements
Due to the high resistance to rushing, fodder beets can be grown in colder climatic conditions, where corn cultivation is not recommended. They can be cultivated on IV and V class soils, provided that the arable layer is deep, with permeable and non-acidic soil.
Organic - if possible 30-40 t/ha of manure or shredded straw in the second year of cultivation. It also yields very well without organic fertilization, provided that it is not included in the crop rotation more often than every 5 years.
- N - 100 to 150 kg/ha
- P2O5 - 80 to 120 kg/ha in autumn
- K2O - 150 to 200 kg/ha in autumn
The optimal date is the 1st and 2nd decade of April, in the north-eastern areas - the 3rd decade of April.
- for multigerm varieties: 15-20 kg/ha
- for pelleted monogerm varieties: 4-6 kg/ha with germination capacity of 85% and target sowing of 18-20 cm in a row and row spacing of 42-45 cm
- for unenveloped monogerm varieties: 3-5 kg/ha. Good yields with a minimum stock of 85,000. plants per 1 ha.
The fight against weed infestation should start with prevention, because the main source of weeds are seeds in the soil. Measures to prevent and reduce the spread of weeds include:
- careful collection of forecrop plants (limiting the occurrence of self-seeding cereals and rape),
- maintaining phytosanitary cleanliness of machines and tools,
- preventing the transfer of weeds from neighboring agricultural fields,
- application of hot fermented manure,
- crop rotation covering the cultivation of plant species with different agrotechnical requirements (alternating cereals, root crops, industrial plants, vegetables) and plants with allelopathic properties such as winter rye, buckwheat, white mustard, sunflower, oats in catch crops,
- agrotechnical treatments - stubble cultivation, winter plowing, pre-sowing cultivation,
- the use of mechanical equipment such as: brush, finger and brush-and-finger or mustache hoes,
- chemical protection according to the IOR recommendations, the effectiveness of herbicides can be increased by using the split dose method.
Beetroot diseases popular in Poland: beetroot tassel, powdery mildew, seedling blight and root rot; combating by agrotechnical methods, breeding and chemical dressing and spraying of plants with fungicides.
The most important pests of fodder beet: grubs and wireworms, agricultural crops, beet cuttlefish, beet flea beetles, beet worms, spindle beet aphids, beetroot grasshoppers, vegetable gloss.
Reduction methods: agrotechnical and chemical through the use of seed dressings and insecticide preparations.